文章摘要
薛万磊,唐伟,徐楠,赵昕,李晨辉,单葆国,冀星沛.能耗电耗现状分析及“十四五”能效发展预判[J].电力需求侧管理,2020,22(6):06-11
能耗电耗现状分析及“十四五”能效发展预判
Analysis of current situation of energy and electricity consumption and prediction of energy efficiency development during the 14th five⁃year plan
投稿时间:2020-06-15  修订日期:2020-07-22
DOI:10. 3969 / j. issn. 1009-1831. 2020. 06. 003
中文关键词: 单位GDP 能耗  单位GDP 电耗  分析  预判
英文关键词: energy consumption per unit of GDP  power consumption per unit of GDP  analysis  prediction
基金项目:国网山东省电力有限公司科技项目(52130N18001G)
作者单位
薛万磊 国网山东省电力有限公司 经济技术研究院济南 250021 
唐伟 国网能源研究院有限公司北京 102209 
徐楠 国网山东省电力有限公司 经济技术研究院济南 250021 
赵昕 国网山东省电力有限公司 经济技术研究院济南 250021 
李晨辉 国网山东省电力有限公司 经济技术研究院济南 250021 
单葆国 国网能源研究院有限公司北京 102209 
冀星沛 国网能源研究院有限公司北京 102209 
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中文摘要:
      近年来,我国能效水平不断提升,单位GDP能耗、电耗均呈下降趋势,但是两者并不同频,能耗呈现持续下降趋势,而电耗则呈现波动性下降趋势,且各省之间能效水平差异较大。首先,梳理了我国促进能效提升的重要政策法规,对单位GDP能耗、电耗整体及分省发展情况进行了分析,并从不同维度,由表及里分析了单位GDP能耗、电耗走势的影响因素。然后,对影响能效的几个主要因素进行走势研判,对“十四五”期间能效情况进行了展望预判,预计单位GDP能耗、电耗将呈现下降态势。最后,提出了推广以电为中心的综合能源系统等促进能效提升的相关建议。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the level of energy efficiency in our country has been rising continuously, the energy and electricity consumption per unit of GDP have shown a downward trend. However, the two are not of the same frequency. The energy consumption has shown a continuous downward trend, while the electricity consumption has shown a downward trend of fluctuation, and the energy efficiency level of each province varies greatly. Firstly, the important policies and regulations of promoting energy efficiency in our country are sorted, the development of energy consumption and power consumption per unit of GDP in China and its provinces is analyzed , and the influencing factors of energy and power consumption per unit of GDP trend from different dimensions are analyzed. Then, the trend of several main factors affecting energy efficiency is analyzed, and the energy efficiency during the 14th five-year plan period is forecasted. The energy and power consumption per unit of GDP is expected to show a decline. Finally, some suggestions are put forward to increase the energy efficiency, such as promoting the electric-centered integrated energy system.
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